Tenth anniversary summit of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
The summitís agenda included regional security issues, combating drug trafficking, the situation in Afghanistan, and economic and humanitarian cooperation between the SCO member states.†Along with the presidents of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, delegations from India, Iran, Mongolia, and Pakistan, which have observer status in the SCO, took part in the summit.Guests at the Astana summit included the presidents of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan, and representatives of international organisations, including the UN, CIS, EurAsEC, CSTO, and ASEAN.The heads of the SCO member states adopted the Astana Declaration summing up the summitís results.The declaration gives an assessment of current international relations and todayís threats and challenges. In particular, the SCO members expressed serious concern with regard to the instability in North Africa and the Middle East, called for efforts to stabilise the situation in the region as swiftly as possible, and noted that internal conflicts and crises must be settled through exclusively peaceful means and political dialogue, and that the international community should act strictly on the basis of international law. In this respect, the SCO members stressed the need to end the armed confrontation in Libya and for all the parties involved to comply strictly with UN Security Council resolutions 1970 and 1973.††The heads of state expressed their desire to strengthen and develop ties with the United Nations and stressed the need to put together a comprehensive approach to reforming the UN and its Security Council. The SCO member states see the UN as a cornerstone in international counter-terrorist cooperation and consider it essential to work together to implement the UN Global Counterterrorism Strategy.†The SCO members called for strict compliance with the provisions of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and noted the importance of establishing a nuclear weapons-free zone in Central Asia.†The SCO members share the view that unilateral and unlimited development of missile defence systems by any one country or group of countries could damage strategic stability and international security. The SCO members called for outer space to be used for peaceful purposes only and stressed the need to work within the Geneva Disarmament Conference to draft a legally binding treaty preventing the deployment of weapons in space and the use of force or threat to use force against objects in space.†The SCO members are ready to bolster cooperation on information security.The Declaration also sets out the SCO position on combating terrorism, separatism, extremism, trans-border crime, and drug trafficking.The SCO supports the development of Afghanistan as an independent, neutral, peaceful and prosperous country. The SCO members will continue helping the friendly people of Afghanistan in their efforts to rebuild their country.In the economic sphere, the SCO members call for continued reform of the international financial regulation system and plan to carry out big joint projects in such sectors as transport and communications infrastructure, agriculture, innovative and energy-saving technology, trade and tourism. The SCO members will continue their cooperation on disaster prevention.The heads of state called for continued efforts to expand trade and economic ties and investment cooperation in the member countries, and also spoke of the need to work together with the observer countries and dialogue partners and make use of their potential too.The summit approved the SCO Anti-Drug Trafficking Strategy for 2011Ė2016, and the action programme for its implementation. Also approved were a standard memorandum on the obligations of countries applying for membership in the SCO, and the report of the Council of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Regional Counter-Terrorism Structure on its activities in 2010.†
Speech by Dmitry Medvedev at a meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Council of Heads of State in expanded format
PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Mr President, heads of delegations, colleagues,
I want to start by congratulating everyone here on the Shanghai Cooperation Organisationís tenth anniversary. The decade that has gone by has shown that the strategic choice we made back in 2001 was indeed the right decision and a far-sighted choice. As my colleagues have said, our organisation has firmly established its place now as an influential forum for working together on regional issues and cooperation. Our organisation has won recognition throughout the world, and this is reflected in the presence today of delegations from the observer countries and from influential international organisations.The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation has worked consistently to build an effective system for responding to threats to security and stability throughout the region. Indeed, over this last decade, the organisationís paramount task has probably been precisely these efforts to build confidence and partnership, and ensure the conditions that enable our different cultures to develop freely while at the same time respecting the principles of international law and sovereign development. We seek to continue developing our organisationís potential in the immediate future and in the long-term perspective.††Strengthening our countriesí and peoplesí security is one of our main areas of work. We discussed just before at the narrow format meeting the whole package of measures we are implementing in this area, including our efforts to strengthen the regional anti-terrorist organisation, its financial base, and the human resources at its disposal. Russia has already approved a number of decisions aimed at providing special training to those chosen to work in the regional anti-terrorist organisation. I think that our colleagues should introduce such training programmes too. It is also absolutely vital that we get the observer countries and dialogue partner countries involved in this work too. We already have the legal conditions in place for this. I remind you that in March, in Tashkent, we decided to invite representatives from these countries to take part in meetings of the anti-terrorist organisationís council, and we have already approved a standard protocol for selecting these representatives.†††The fight against drug trafficking remains high on the agenda. In this respect, the anti-drugs strategy for 2011-2016 and the action programme for its implementation will play an important part. We are due to approve these documents at the summit today. We will also sign today a memorandum of understanding between the Shanghai Cooperation Organisationís secretariat and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and this is also a big step forward. Incidentally, this is also a sign of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisationís growing influence. Russia also supports developing closer and more wide-ranging cooperation between the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and Afghanistan in this area. Afghanistan is our neighbour and could be more closely involved in the organisationís work. As I understand it, all of the member countries share this view. Ultimately, the political stabilisation process in Afghanistan, which has a big impact on our own countriesí security, also depends on this work.†The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation member countries, based on the agreement on cooperation on international information security, make a contribution to the international communityís efforts in this area. One of the items on the agenda today is to approve the proposal to submit to the 66th session of the UN General Assembly a draft resolution on an international code of conduct in the area of information security. This is clearly an important initiative and it shows our common desire to find a solution to this complex problem.In their remarks just now, my colleagues said that expanding economic ties is one of the key areas of work in the years ahead. Russia shares this view. As well as regional security, economic development is our next top priority for work together.At the SCO summit in Dushanbe last year, the member states proposed drafting a roadmap for implementing a multilateral economic cooperation programme. This roadmap must be a full-fledged document setting out proposals for major projects within the SCO framework. I stress in this respect that a forum such as ours should be focused above all on big regional projects between our countries. I think we should get this document drafted and approved by the end of the year and begin its practical implementation without delay.†The proposals on establishing a special venture fund and a joint business cooperation centre are also promising initiatives.We should also discuss the question of a special Shanghai Cooperation Organisation account. I think the time is ripe for this, and practically all of the member countries are ready to discuss it and make decisions now. The funds in this account could be used to carry out the feasibility studies for big projects. We could also get the inter-bank group, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Business Council, and the member stateís business communities involved in carrying out these big projects.†Expanding our humanitarian ties is also on the agenda. I remind you that in September last year, the SCO University began working as a pilot project. More than 50 of our countriesí top universities are involved in this project. I think that our peoples, especially our young people, should have the broadest possible opportunities for taking part in educational, cultural and sports exchanges. In this respect, we are also considering the new initiatives from the SCO Youth Council, and the proposals that Ms Otunbayeva just made. I think this is a good initiative.Cooperation in the healthcare sector is also a very relevant issue, including cooperation in ensuring sanitary and epidemiological safety. The recent events in Europe show just how important it is that countries work together in this area to prevent epidemics from spreading.Of course, raising our peoplesí living standards is also a common concern for us all.I am sure that the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation will continue to be an organisation open for cooperation. This is not an elite club, but an organisation ready to work together with various countries. I am sure that the approval of the memorandum on the obligations of countries applying for membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation will mark an important step in developing this cooperation potential.Such then are our current affairs and plans.In conclusion, I want to thank most warmly Nursultan Nazarbayev for the fruitful work during Kazakhstanís presidency of the organisation. Our Kazakhstani colleagues have done much indeed to ensure that the SCO celebrates its first decade of existence in worthy fashion and with good results. We still have a lot more work ahead. After this summit, the presidency will go to the Peopleís Republic of China, and I wish them success and hope that the specific agreements we approve today, aimed at developing our organisation, will indeed help us in pursuing our strategic goals of guaranteeing peace, stability and progress throughout our common region.
Dmitry Medvedev arrived in Astana for SCO summit
During the talks with President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, the two leaders discussed the agenda for the meeting of heads of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Member States to be held on Wednesday, June 15, as well as the achievements of Kazakhstan's presidency in the organisation.
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PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Everything went well and I am very happy to visit you in Kazakhstan.We have an extensive agenda and it is very useful for me that the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation [SCO] summit opens with talks with the President of Kazakhstan.
NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV: Kazakhstan has carried out comprehensive preparations. Our presidency is nearly over, next will be Chinaís turn. We conducted 110 events, highly useful documents are ready for adoption and all positions have been coordinated. And since ten years is an anniversary, our meeting should have both a business and a festive side.
DMITRY MEDVEDEV: If we talk about the business side, I have looked at the details and I think some very good work has been done during Kazakhstanís presidency, some major documents have been agreed, and not just formal or festive ones, but very serious documents. I hope that during a working session tomorrow we will discuss and adopt them all.
Meeting with President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov
Upon arrival to the capital of Uzbekistan for a two-day Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit, Dmitry Medvedev met with Islam Karimov.The President of Uzbekistan told President Medvedev about the preparations for the SCO Council of Heads of State meeting.The Russian leader expressed his confidence that the Tashkent SCO summit will be interesting, intensive and productive.
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PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN ISLAM KARIMOV: Mr President, I am truly happy to see you, and I would like to thank you for agreeing to this somewhat accelerated programme. Still, I can see that you look great and, obviously, you do not need rest or extra time to prepare.I would like to welcome you and express my appreciation for your personal participation in this SCO meeting. When the President of Russia personally and directly participates in the meeting, it is a very good sign that the meeting will be successful.I would like to tell you right away that the preliminary preparation for the SCO meeting has been very complicated. Nevertheless, this highly labour-intensive process was quite successful. It was preceded by meetings of various SCO structures: the latest of these was the meeting of foreign ministers, and before that, - the Security Council secretariesí meeting (in which your colleagues participated).And today, I would like to tell you that nearly all the documents that we had planned to prepare and sign are ready and approved. The approval process was not easy, but nevertheless, we are letting you and all the heads of state know that all of the documents have basically been approved. Still, this doesnít mean that no changes will be made when we discuss these issues in restricted or expanded format. I am glad that this time-consuming process is finally completed.I would like to welcome you and tell you that here in Tashkent, we have been eagerly awaiting your visit. It would be great if you can stay until Saturday, so that in addition to the SCO meeting, we can discuss and look into other issues. Furthermore, I would like to give you a tour of summertime Tashkent. You noted straight away that today is a fairly hot day, but we are not yet at the height of the summer heat. I would say that todayís weather is quite comfortable.Thank you for following the schedule. I am happy to see you, and I am happy to see your colleagues. Thanks again.
PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Mr President, I am also very happy to see you. We met fairly recently in Moscow and had full-fledged talks. After that, we shared views on a variety of issues. We called each other, and we discussed preparations for the SCO meeting, which, as you accurately noted, were not easy, but it is very good that they have rounded into fully prepared documents. This is due in large part to Uzbekistanís chairmanship. It is true that, for a large number of reasons, we needed additional coordination, and we have done that. And naturally, it is a pleasure for us (for me personally and for the Russian delegation) to visit Tashkent during these wonderful summer days.
I would say that itís hot here but rather warm, which actually corresponds well to the atmosphere that has been created by you and your colleagues. I count on being able to discuss the full range of SCO-related topics; and today and tomorrow, we will exchange views on other matters. We always have issues to discuss.By the way, we have recently stepped up contacts on a large variety of issues. Just a little while ago, I received a letter of credence from your new ambassador. And this, too, is good, because a regular exchange of opinions between colleagues is imperative. My colleagues in the Cabinet and the Presidential Executive Office have travelled here to participate in the process of preparing this meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. I think that everything went well, despite the fact that there were indeed certain issues requiring discussion.And so, we are very happy to be your guests. Thank you very much for the invitation. I am certain that these days will be interesting and eventful.
Meeting with President of the Peopleís Republic of China Hu Jintao
Dmitry Medvedev and Hu Jintao reviewed bilateral relations, regional problems and international agenda.The scheduled visit to China of the President of Russia was also discussed.
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PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Mr President,
I am very happy to have this new meeting with you, which takes place on the sidelines of the SCO summit in Tashkent. It provides us with another opportunity to exchange our views on the development of our bilateral relations, as well as the current global situation.The last time we met was in Moscow, on the anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War. I would like to once again thank you for taking part in this event, which was very important for us.This year has been filled with a wide variety of events, including bilateral ones. Itís the Year of Chinese Language in our nation. And also the year during which we have been meeting very actively.This is our third meeting, but it is certainly not our last. We will meet again soon, and we will discuss economic development, as well as the global situation. Naturally, these kinds of discussions will continue later, when I visit the Peopleís Republic of China this autumn.I hope that today, we will be able to discuss some regional issues. We have a whole set of problems that have arisen recently, in addition to problems that the Russian Federation and the Peopleís Republic of China are addressing through direct dialogue and consultations. It is also very important to touch base regarding the international agenda. I hope that we will be successful in doing this.I am happy to be meeting with you again.
PRESIDENT OF THE PEOPLEíS REPUBLIC OF CHINA HU JINTAO(retranslated): Mr President,
It is a pleasure to see you again just one month after our last meeting. Your nation will be celebrating Russia Day on June 12. With this in mind, I would like to congratulate you and the great Russian nation on this holiday, on behalf of the government and the people of China.One month ago, Russia successfully organised celebrations to mark the 65th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, which resonated widely and positively throughout the international community.We are genuinely happy for your successes and achievements. I would like to use this opportunity to once again express our sincere appreciation and thank you and all our Russian colleagues for the warm welcome and hospitality.In the first half of this year we are witnessing a full-scale advancement of Russian-Chinese relations. You and I are meeting for the third time. We have achieved a great deal of unity in our views on strengthening our strategic interaction and deepening our practical cooperation.As you noted, we have many important events coming up in the second half of the year with regard to our bilateral relations. I therefore suggest that we focus on the following important issues.First of all, it is imperative to properly plan and organise your visit to our nation, and to hold the 15th regular Russian-Chinese meeting of Heads of Government, to maintain the strong momentum of growth in our relations.Your visit to our nation in September is a major event in the relations between our nations. I have already given instructions to the relevant Chinese agencies to maintain very close contact with their Russian colleagues, in order to properly coordinate various aspects of the preparatory work and ensure that your visit to our nation is a complete success.The second issue is that we must work together to achieve even greater results in our cooperation in the trade, economic, energy, and military technology sectors.
Meeting with President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
Dmitry Medvedev and Nursultan Nazarbayev discussed the agenda of the upcoming meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Council of Heads of State, current issues in Russia-Kazakhstan cooperation, and international issues.
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PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Mr President,
The rather late hour is no obstacle to our discussing our bilateral relations. We do meet regularly as it is, but this is essential to keep such close countries as ours, strategic allies, on the right course.I propose that we discuss the issues that tomorrowís Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit will address, and talk too about how our countries are coming through the peak of the crisis.This is all the more topical as we have the G20 summit coming up, and it is always important for me to know your position, seeing as we agreed that Russia will represent a consolidated position coordinated with its closest allies.There is also our common goal of establishing the Customs Union and continuing our work to build the common economic space. We have our achievements in this work, and we also have problems that still need to be addressed.I propose that we exchange views.
PRESIDENT OF KAZAKHSTAN NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV: I fully agree with this agenda.I want to look above all at the upcoming EurAsEC [Eurasian Economic Community] summit in Astana. We have a good agenda for the summit, including preparation of bilateral agreements in the nuclear industry, on uranium, space exploration, Baikonur. This summit will take place on July 4. In September, we will hold an interregional meeting in Ust-Kamenogorsk. Both of these meetings deal with important issues.As for our bilateral relations, we are in intensive contact on all the different issues. Of course, we are also following closely developments in Kyrgyzstan. We are always ready to keep each other updated, and tomorrow at the official meeting of the SCO heads of state, we will discuss these and other issues regarding our relations in this region and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
Meeting with President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari
Dmitry Medvedev and Asif Ali Zardari discussed current issues in regional security and prospects for developing bilateral cooperation.The meeting took place ahead of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit. The President of Pakistan is participating in the SCO summit as an observer.
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PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Mr President, I am very happy to have this chance to meet once again.
PRESIDENT OF PAKISTAN ASIF ALI ZARDARI (translated from Russian): It is a great pleasure for me too to meet with you.
DMITRY MEDVEDEV: We have a good reason to meet: we meet regularly to discuss regional problems, and I hope that now too we will have the opportunity to discuss regional issues and talk about our bilateral relations. We have been in regular contact with each other in general of late, and I think this is very useful for our bilateral relations.As for the question of our regionís security, this is an ongoing and very important issue.I think it is very important that Pakistan is represented by its president at this SOC summit. This gives us the chance to discuss the most complex issues requiring collective decisions.I hope we will exchange views on what we can do to develop our bilateral dialogue.
ASIF ALI ZARDARI: Thank you very much, Mr President, for giving me this chance to meet with you. Very rarely do I get the opportunity to meet with leaders such as yourself.
Meeting with President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai
Dmitry Medvedev met with President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit.
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PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Mr President, first of all, it is a pleasure to have this chance to meet. Of course, the occasion is clouded by the terrorist attack that has just taken place in Afghanistan. I ask you to accept my sincere condolences. This attack is yet further confirmation that we must consolidate our efforts to prevent these kinds of events and continue to develop our cooperation with Afghanistan in this area.In my speech at the SCO summit today, in which you took part, I said that we want to see a developing and stable Afghanistan able to guarantee rights and freedoms, and provide all Afghans with a safe and normal life. We are ready to use what possibilities we have to help Afghanistan to achieve these goals. We have discussed these matters on past occasions together and our talks have always been productive. I hope that today too we will be able to discuss some of these issues, and I hope that you and I will have the chance to meet again very soon and continue our bilateral talks.
PRESIDENT OF AFGHANISTAN HAMID KARZAI(translated from Russian): Thank you very much for this chance to meet today, and for remembering the tragic terrorist attack that has struck our country and resulted in the deaths of our citizens. Thank you for your condolences. As you rightly noted in your speech, there is a lot that Russia and Afghanistan can and must do together. We see and recognise Russiaís goodwill and your personal goodwill towards Afghanistan. Mr President, thank you very much for your words today, and for paying particular and detailed attention to Afghanistan and clearly outlining Russiaís position. Thank you for your support.